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Florida Probate Blog

Category: Probate

Spousal Election to Take One-Half Interest in Decedent’s Homestead Property

Written by on May 24, 2019| Posted in: Probate

WARNING:  If a surviving spouse wants 50% of the homestead property, he or she need to give notice of the election within 6 months of death – no exceptions! Homestead property in Florida is complicated.  What constitutes “homestead” is defined by Article X, Section 4 of the Florida Constitution. Homestead property is protected against levy and execution by most judgment creditors (and against creditor claims post death), receives special property tax treatment and is subject to specific restrictions on its descent and devise upon the death of the owner.  This blog is about the descent and devise of homestead. Florida Statute §732.401(1) provides: If not devised as authorized by law and the constitution, the homestead shall descend in the same manner as other intestate property; but if the decedent is survived by a spouse and one or more descendants, the surviving spouse shall take a life estate in the homestead, […]

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RESTRICTED DEPOSITORY: “FOR CAUSE” ONLY

Written by on Jan 29, 2019| Posted in: General

The Fourth District Court of Appeal reproves the Palm Beach probate court’s local policy presuming the need for a restricted depository in all probate cases as a matter of course. In Estate of Goodstein v. Goodstein, 44 Fla.L.Weekly D222a, on appeal was the trial court’s non-final order granting the beneficiaries’ petition to designate a trust company as a depository for the assets.  The personal representative of the estate appealed, arguing that the trial court granted the petition based upon local policy without finding “other cause” required under Fla.Stat. §69.031(1).  During the hearing, “[t]he trial court agreed that restricted depositories were a matter of course in all probate cases in its jurisdiction, pursuant to local policy.  It explained that the policy was intended to prevent assets from pouring out during probate administration  The court believed the policy also reduced expenses and increased productivity by encouraging attorneys to resolve cases more quickly.”  […]

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Premature Discharge of Personal Representative

Written by on Jan 11, 2018| Posted in: Probate

In re: Estate of Lillian L. Unanue (43 Fla.L.Weekly D70a) – On November 17, 2016, the co-personal representatives of the Estate of Lillian Unanue (“Estate”) filed a final accounting and petition for discharge.  The documents were served on the beneficiaries, including Robert and George Unanue.  The probate court entered an order of discharge on December 5, 2016, just 18 days after the petition was filed.  Subsequently, on December 16, 2016, Robert and George filed timely objections to the final accounting and petition for discharge, but the estate was already closed.  In the appeal, Robert and George sought reversal of the order of discharge because it was entered prematurely and curtailed their right to object to the accounting.  The Second District Court of Appeal agreed, citing Florida Probate Rule 5.400(b)(6), which states, in pertinent part, that “any objections to the accounting, the compensation paid or proposed to be paid, or the […]

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